Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument (ERRNI)


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The ERRNI assesses the ability to relate, comprehend and remember a story after a delay. It provides a rich source of information about children’s narrative skills.

Two parallel forms are each linked to a sequenced story of 15 scenes. Retell of The Beach Story or The Fish Story is recorded with and without visual cues and a series of comprehension questions are completed. Samples are then transcribed and analysed. The parallel forms allow for retesting while minimising practice effect.

Check-normed on 146 children from Western Australia across three age bands: 6 years, 9 years and 12 years, norms are provided on the following measures:

  • Information indicating how much relevant story content is provided
  • Complexity of grammatical structure
  • Comprehension of the pictured narrative
  • Forgetting (which reflects storage of information in long term memory)

Detailed training examples are also provided for transcriptions and coding and the clear colour artwork is suitable for all age groups.